Bangladesh is heavily populated, so nature is only in few places. The most important nature sites that I saw were the Sundarbans, Lawachara National Park, and Baikka Beel.

From the Sundarbans entry in Wikipedia:

The Sundarbans is a mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. It spans from the Hooghly River in India's state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh. It comprises closed and open mangrove forests, agriculturally used land, mudflats and barren land, and is intersected by multiple tidal streams and channels. The Sundarbans mangrove forest covers an area of about 10,000 km² (4,000 square miles). In West Bengal, they extend over 4,260 km² (1,645 square miles) across the South 24 Parganas and North 24 Parganas districts. Forests in Bangladesh's Khulna Division extend over 6,017 km² (2,323 square miles). The most abundant tree species are Sundri Mangrove (Heritiera fomes) and Milky Mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha, french: Arbre aveuglant). The forests provide habitat to 453 faunal wildlife, including 290 bird, 120 fish, 42 mammal, 35 reptile and eight amphibian species. The The Sundarbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

From the Lawachara National Park entry in Wikipedia:

Lawachara National Park is a major national park and nature reserve in Bangladesh. The park is located at Kamalganj Upazila, Maulvi Bazar District in the northeastern region of the country. It is located within the 2,740 ha (6,770 acres) West Bhanugach Reserved Forest.

Lawachara National Park covers approximately 1,250 ha (3,090 acres) of semi-evergreen forests Biome and mixed deciduous forests Biome. The land was declared a national park by the Bangladesh government on 7 July 1996 under the Wildlife Act of 1974.

The main attraction in the Lawachara National Park are the Hoolock Gibbons. Only less than 100 are still living in the park.

In the Sundarbans, the Saltwater Crocodile is endangered.

From the Saltwater Crocodile entry in Wikipedia:

The Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), also known as the estuarine crocodile, Indo-Pacific crocodile, marine crocodile, sea crocodile or informally as saltie, is the largest of all living reptiles, as well as the largest riparian predator in the world. Males of this species can reach sizes up to 7 m (23 ft) in length. However, an adult male saltwater crocodile rarely reaches or exceeds a size of 6 m (20 ft) weighing 1,000-1,200 kg (2,200-2,650 lb). Females are much smaller and often do not surpass 3 m (10 ft).

Pictures of birds in Bangladesh and other nature pages are separate:

Birds in Bangladesh
Bird Page for Bangladesh
Nature Pages
Other Nature Pages

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Nature in Bangladesh

Morning Mist Sundarbans Before
Morning mist in the Sundarbans just before sunrise. (427k)
Sunrise Sundarbans
Sunrise in the Sundarbans. (531k)
Morning Mist Sundarbans
Morning mist in the Sundarbans. (411k)
Channel Sundarbans Morning Mist
Channel in the Sundarbans in morning mist. (873k)
Bay Bengal
Bay of Bengal. (445k)
Sunset Over Rice Paddies
Sunset over rice paddies. (497k)
Sunset
Sunset. (509k)
Suset Over Tea Plantation
Suset over the tea plantation. (461k)
Evening Ganges Delta
Evening in the Ganges Delta. (528k)
Kaptai Lake Large Reservoir
Kaptai Lake, a large reservoir. (748k)
Kaptai Lake Large Reservoir
Kaptai Lake, a large reservoir. (943k)
Sunset Over Kaptai Lake
Sunset over Kaptai Lake. (571k)
Moon Over Kaptai Lake
The moon over Kaptai Lake. (283k)
Moon
The Moon. (486k)
Reflections
Reflections. (488k)
Evening River
Evening on the river. (574k)
Cox's Bazar Beach Longest
Cox's Bazar Beach is the longest natural sea beach in the world running 120 km (75 miles). (631k)
Tetrapods Cox's Bazar Prevent
Tetrapods on Cox's Bazar to prevent beach erosion. (676k)
Cox's Bazar Beach
Cox's Bazar Beach. (707k)

Flora in Bangladesh

Showy Rattlebox (Crotalaria spectabilis)
Showy Rattlebox (Crotalaria spectabilis). (874k)
Pink Water Lily (Nymphaea pubescens)
Pink Water Lilies (Nymphaea pubescens). (1275k)
Pink Water Lily (Nymphaea pubescens)
Pink Water Lilies (Nymphaea pubescens). (668k)
Pink Water Lily (Nymphaea pubescens)
Pink Water Lily (Nymphaea pubescens). (422k)
Chinese Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)
Chinese Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, german: Chinesischer Roseneibisch, french: Hibiscus Rose de Chine). (754k)
Southern Sword Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata)
Southern Sword Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata). (1334k)
Epiphytes
Epiphytes. (1246k)
Holly (Ilex sp.)
Holly (Ilex sp., german: Stechpalmen). (1442k)
Grey Milkwood (Cerbera manghas)
Grey Milkwood (Cerbera manghas, french: Faux manguier). (1206k)
Bamboo
Bamboo. (1318k)
Common Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris)
Common Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris, french: Bambou commun). (1.7M)
Traveler's Palm (Ravenala madagascariensis)
Traveler's Palm (Ravenala madagascariensis, german: Baum der Reisenden, french: Arbre du voyageur). (1053k)
Mango (Mangifera indica)
Mango Trees (Mangifera indica, german: Mango, french: Manguier). (1299k)
Milky Mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha)
Milky Mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha, french: Arbre aveuglant). (1310k)
Sundri Mangrove (Heritiera fomes)
Sundri Mangrove (Heritiera fomes). (1.7M)
Sundri Mangrove Roots Narrow
Sundri Mangrove roots are narrow. (1247k)
Milky Mangrove Roots Wider
Milky Mangrove roots are wider. (1124k)
Mangrove Apple (Sonneratia caseolaris)
Mangrove Apple (Sonneratia caseolaris), large tree, and Tall-stilt Mangrove (Rhizophora apiculata), smaller tree in the middle. (1252k)
Tall-stilt Mangrove (Rhizophora apiculata)
Tall-stilt Mangrove (Rhizophora apiculata). (920k)
Wrinkled-pod Mangrove (Cynometra iripa)
Wrinkled-pod Mangrove (Cynometra iripa). (965k)
Cannonball Mangrove (Xylocarpus granatum)
Cannonball Mangrove (Xylocarpus granatum). (1012k)
Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)
Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera, german: Echte Dattelpalme, french: Palmier dattier). (1116k)
Mangrove Date Palm (Phoenix paludosa)
Mangrove Date Palm (Phoenix paludosa). (853k)
Betel Nut Palm (Areca catechu)
Betel Nut Palms (Areca catechu, german: Betelnusspalme, french: Palmier à bétel). (1191k)
Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera)
Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera, german: Kokospalme, french: Cocotier). (933k)
Mangrove Palm (Nypa fruticans)
Mangrove Palms (Nypa fruticans, german: Nipapalme, french: Palmier d'eau). (845k)
Mangrove Palm (Nypa fruticans)
Mangrove Palm fruits (Nypa fruticans, german: Nipapalme, french: Palmier d'eau). (792k)
Fan Palm
Fan palm. (1325k)
Fan Palm
Fan palm. (772k)
Abar (Hymenodictyon excelsum)
Abar (Hymenodictyon excelsum). (1294k)
Teak (Tectona grandis)
Teak tree farm (Tectona grandis, german: Teakbaum, french: Teck). (1.7M)
Recent Typhoon Had Washed
A recent typhoon had washed away a lot of the sand, exposing tree roots. (1424k)

Fauna in Bangladesh

Water Snail
Water snail. (774k)
Large Bee Hive
Large bee hive. (962k)
Bee Hive
Bee hive. (1014k)
Giant Honey Bee (Apis dorsata)
Giant Honey Bee (Apis dorsata, german: Riesenhonigbiene, french: Abeilles géantes)visiting flowers. (750k)
Spine-tufted Skimmer (Orthetrum chrysis)
Spine-tufted Skimmer (Orthetrum chrysis). (810k)
Redspot Jezebel (Delias descombesi)
Redspot Jezebel butterfly (Delias descombesi). (1.8M)
Lemon Emigrant (Catopsilia pomona)
Lemon Emigrant butterfly (Catopsilia pomona, french: Émigrant citron). (875k)
Fiddler Crab (Ocypodidae gen.)
The whole beach here was covered with small Fiddler Crabs (Ocypodidae gen.). (1091k)
Chipmunks Must Introduced Native
Chipmunks. These must have been introduced, they are not native to Bangladesh. (995k)
Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus)
Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus, german: Irawadi-Hörnchen). (810k)
Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator salvator)
Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais). (997k)
Olive Ridley Sea Turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea)
Olive Ridley Sea Turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea, german: Oliv-Bastardschild­kröte, french: Tortue olivâtre). (850k)
Oriental Small-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinereus)
Oriental Small-clawed Otters (Aonyx cinereus, german: Zwergotter, french: Loutre cendrée). (730k)
Oriental Small-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinereus)
Oriental Small-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinereus, german: Zwergotter, french: Loutre cendrée). (715k)
Chital (Axis axis)
Herd of Chitals (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (958k)
Chital (Axis axis)
Female Chital (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (1241k)
Chital (Axis axis)
Male Chital (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (927k)
Indian Boar (Sus scrofa cristatus)
Indian Boar (Sus scrofa cristatus, german: Wildschwein, french: Sanglier). (913k)
Indian Boar (Sus scrofa cristatus)
Indian Boar (Sus scrofa cristatus, german: Wildschwein, french: Sanglier). (738k)
Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta)
Female Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta, german: Rhesusaffe, french: Macaque rhésus) carrying a baby. (1067k)
Rhesus Macaque Baby
Rhesus Macaque baby. (866k)
Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta)
Female Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta, german: Rhesusaffe, french: Macaque rhésus) washing food. (719k)
Northern Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca leonina)
Northern Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca leonina, german: Nördlicher Schweinsaffe, french: Macaque à queue de cochon du Nord). (595k)
Capped Langur (Trachypithecus pileatus)
Capped Langur (Trachypithecus pileatus, german: Kappenlangur, french: Entelle pileux). (1007k)
Phayre's Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei)
Phayre's Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei, german: Phayre-Brillenlangur, french: Semnopithèque de Phayre). (999k)
Phayre's Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei)
Phayre's Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei, german: Phayre-Brillenlangur, french: Semnopithèque de Phayre). (830k)
Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus)
Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus, german: Leistenkrokodil, french: Crocodile marin). (1155k)
Tiger Tracks We Didn't
Tiger tracks. We didn't see a tiger, just the tracks. (1.6M)
Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus, german: Asiatischer Elefant, french: Éléphant d'Asie). (582k)
Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica)
Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica, german: Gangesdelfin, french: Sousouc). (84k)

Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock, german: Westlicher Weißbrauengibbon, french: Gibbon hoolock occidental)

From the Western Hoolock Gibbon entry in Wikipedia:

The Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. The species is found in Assam, Mizoram, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River.

Like other gibbons, Hoolock Gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species).

In India and Bangladesh it is found where there is contiguous canopy, broad-leaved, wet evergreen and semi-evergreen forests dipterocarpus forest often mountainous. The species is an important seed disperser; its diet includes mostly ripe fruits, with some flowers, leaves and shoots.

There are numerous threats to Western Hoolock Gibbons in the wild, and are now entirely dependent on human action for their survival. Threats include habitat encroachment by humans, forest clearance for tea cultivation, the practice of jhuming (slash-and-burn cultivation), hunting for food and “medicine”, capture for trade, and forest degradation.

Over the last 30–40 years, Western Hoolock Gibbon numbers are estimated to have dropped from more than 100,000 (Assam alone was estimated to have around 80,000 in the early 1970s) to less than 5,000 individuals (a decline of more than 90%). In 2009 it was considered to be one of the 25 most endangered primates, though it has been dropped from the later editions of the list.

Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock)
Male (right) and female (left) Western Hoolock Gibbons (Hoolock hoolock, german: Westlicher Weißbrauengibbon, french: Gibbon hoolock occidental). (697k)
Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock)
Female Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock, german: Westlicher Weißbrauengibbon, french: Gibbon hoolock occidental). (791k)
Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock)
Male Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock, german: Westlicher Weißbrauengibbon, french: Gibbon hoolock occidental). (895k)

This page contains 84 pictures with 41 species

Bangladesh
Main page for বাংলাদেশ (Bangladesh)

Page last updated on Sat Feb 19 15:05:38 2022 (Mountain Standard Time)


Nature in Bangladesh on geichhorn.com


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