The Moon God, God of Wisdom and the Scribes (see Egyptian Mythology). He was considered the inventor of writing. He was the inventor of the 365 day year (instead of the previous 360 days). He is said to have won the extra five days by gambling with the moon in a game of dice. He is associated with the Ibis and shown as a man with the head of the ibis. He was involved in many tales as wise counsel and persuader. His association with wisdom connected him with Seshat, the earlier Goddess of Wisdom, and his daughter, variably his wife.
Relief of Thoth (left), with Horus (right), and the Pharaoh Ramesses II (center) in the Karnak Temple in Luxor. (1206k) Colored relief of Thoth in the Karnak Temple in Luxor. (668k) Close-up of a relief of Thoth as a scribe in the Luxor Temple. (712k) Relief of Thoth as a scribe in the Luxor Temple. (767k) Relief of Thoth, holding the Was scepter, in the Temple of Horus in Edfu. (490k) Relief of Thoth (left), with Horus (center right) and his son (right, holding the Was scepter), Horus' mother Isis, here shown as a cat (center, touching the Ankh to the Pharaoh's mouth), a Pharaoh (center), and Nut (left of the Pharaoh, with horns and a Sun disk), in the Temple of Kom Ombo. (771k) Relief of Thoth (left) and Horus (right), flanking a Pharaoh, in the Temple of Kom Ombo. (893k) Close-up of a relief of Thoth in the Philae Temple of Isis. (807k) Relief of Thoth, shown as a Baboon, in the Philae Temple of Isis. (709k) Beautiful paintings in one of the tombs of the Queens, with the God Thoth with the Was Scepter. In the upper left is Anubis. Notice the transparent skirts of the Queen. (583k)