In 62 BCE, King Antiochus of Commagene built his tomb-sanctuary on top of Mount Nemrut, with huge (8-9 m (26-30 ft)) stone figures of himself, Hercules, Zeus, and Apollo. He piled up a 49 m (161 ft) high mound of fist sized rocks on the summit of Mount Nemrut. This site is spectacular, it is a must for any visit to Turkey as far as I am concerned.
Mount Nemrut is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Along the road to the summit are several other interesting sites.
First you get to the Cendere Bridge, a beautiful Roman humpback bridge, built in the 2nd century CE. The inscriptions on the stele state that it was built in honor of Septimius Severus and his wife and son. Three of the four Corinthian columns are still standing.
Next is the Yeni Kale (New Fortress), a 13th century Mamluk castle, with Arabic inscriptions.
About 3.5 km (2.2 miles) further along the road is Arsameia, the ancient Commagene capital, founded by Mithridates I Callicus around 80 BCE. There are several very nice statues and inscriptions in that area. A 158 m (518 ft) long cave-temple descends steeply into the mountain.
The top of the mountain has the eastern and western terraces next to the central mound.
All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.
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Page last updated on Mon Oct 26 15:46:18 2020 (Mountain Standard Time)
Mount Nemrut on geichhorn.com