English is the official language in Uganda. There are 56 local languages in use.

School is taught in English and the local language in grades 1-4. In grades 5 and higher, only English is used.

Traffic around Kampala was heavy, in other parts of Uganda traffic was not bad. Roads were OK, except for one stretch south of Queen Elizabeth National Park, where the road was heavily damaged by heavy truck traffic.

Livestock was mostly cows and goats, I didn't see many sheep. I saw animal-drawn vehicles only very few times. There were a lot of bicycles and motorcycles on the roads.

There were not as many roadside vendors as in many other African countries, there were more roadside stores. Even in rural areas there were not as many people selling local produce along the road as in other countries.

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.


Loads Carried Head Babies
Most loads were carried on the head. Babies are on the back of the mother in a cloth tied around the mother. (1031k)
Washing River
Washing up in the river. (1278k)
Local Family
Local family. (1072k)
School Children
School children. (651k)
School is out. (892k)
Kids Hurry Pictures Taken
Kids in a hurry to have their pictures taken. (880k)
Cute Kid
Cute kid. (581k)
Cute Kid
Cute kid. (617k)
Cute Kid
Cute kid. (659k)

Business and Markets

Vegetable Market
Vegetable market. (766k)
Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus, german: Jackfruchtbaum, french: Jacquier) for sale. (923k)
Food Vendor
Food vendor. (923k)
Charcoal Sale
Charcoal for sale. (1151k)
Roadside Vegetable Vendor
Roadside vegetable vendor. (877k)
Roadside Fish Vendors
Roadside fish vendors. (641k)
Roadside Fish Vendor
Roadside fish vendor. (735k)
Cloth Market
Cloth market. (1046k)
Vegetable Market Everything Neatly
Vegetable market. Everything is neatly piled up. (1011k)
At a market. (955k)
At a market. (877k)
At a market. (940k)
At a market. (906k)
At a market. (1049k)
Banana Market
Banana market. (1029k)
Meat Market
Meat market. (884k)
Catfish Sale
Catfish for sale. (997k)
Nice Restaurant But Couldn't
This was a nice restaurant, but you couldn't sit under the light. The table was covered with bugs that died on the light. (686k)
Accommodations Murchison Falls Lodge
My accommodations at the Murchison Falls Lodge. (1151k)
Doing Laundry
Doing laundry. (1180k)
Local Fishermen Kazinga Channel
Local fishermen on the Kazinga Channel. (698k)
Fishermen. (717k)
Fishermen. (513k)
Water Crater Lake Salty
The water in the crater lake is salty. It is used to make salt. (697k)
Private Schools Advertising Everywhere
Private schools were advertising everywhere. It seems every larger village had several such schools. (810k)
Such Schools Boarding Schools
Many such schools were boarding schools. (735k)

Brick making

Bricks were mostly made locally, wherever bricks were needed.

Bricks Formed Clay Piled
Bricks were formed from clay and piled in a big mound. The mound had holes in the bottom for the fire to fire the bricks. The mound was then covered with mud and the fire lit. (1301k)
Brick Firing
Brick firing. (904k)
Finished Bricks Being Extracted
Finished bricks being extracted from the mound. (1142k)
Area Brick Manufacturing Business
In this area was a brick manufacturing business that made bricks on a larger scale, not just for local consumption. (528k)


Carrying Roofing Material
Carrying roofing material. (1264k)
Getting Water Local Well
Getting water from the local well. (1278k)
Carrying Home Water Canister
Carrying home a water canister. (1230k)
Dirt Road Under Construction
Dirt road under construction. (663k)
Dirt Road Construction Dug
The dirt for the road construction is dug up right next to the road. (633k)
Road Under Construction Finished
Road under construction. The finished road has a nice firm surface. (607k)
Around Towns Speed Limited
Around towns the speed is limited by speed bumps, lots of them. (1045k)
Only Really Bad Road
This was the only really bad road in Uganda. It was REALLY bad. (631k)
View Really Bad Road
Another view of the really bad road. (1061k)
Hauling Roofing Material Bicycle
Hauling roofing material on a bicycle. (913k)
Donkey-drawn Cart
Donkey-drawn cart. (940k)
Bicycles Important Means Transportation
Bicycles are an important means of transportation. (1011k)
Bicycles Had Padded Seat
These bicycles had a padded seat in the back and were used as taxis. The motorcycles were also taxis. (679k)
Motorcycle Taxi
Motorcycle taxi. (686k)
Lots People Fit Motorcycle
Lots of people fit on a motorcycle. (942k)
Local Bus Fully Loaded
Local bus, fully loaded. (803k)
Lots Stinking Diesel Vehicles
Lots of stinking diesel vehicles on the roads. (536k)
Large Trucktrailer Combinations Roads
One of the many large truck/trailer combinations on the roads. (664k)
Traffic Kampala Bad
Traffic in Kampala was bad. (748k)
Traffic Kampala Bad
Traffic in Kampala was bad. (832k)
Car Ferry Victoria Nile
Car ferry on the Victoria Nile. (884k)
Our Car Flat Tire
Our car with a flat tire. The jack didn't work, so my guide had to walk to the next lodge to get help. (1131k)
Totally Surprised Saw Name
I was totally surprised when I saw the name of this gasoline brand, Einsteins famous formula: E = mc2. (797k)

Villages and Towns

Local Settlement Local Houses
Local settlement. Most of the local houses were round like these. (1115k)
Local Hut Slightly Different
Local hut in a slightly different style. The small huts are used for storing food. (1384k)
Local Huts Small Hut
Local huts. The small hut on the right is used for storing food. (897k)
Hut Slightly Different Style
This hut was a slightly different style with exposed wooden support. It had a small solar power panel on the roof, probably for charging cell phones. (1014k)
Areas Local Huts Square
In some areas the local huts were square rather than round. (1411k)
Local Settlement Long Building
Local settlement. The long building is used to house livestock. (1066k)
Local Building Types Buildings
Local building. These types of buildings were often used as shops. (1122k)
Buildings Used Advertising Space
Many of these buildings are used as advertising space. (637k)
Building Kampala Marabou Stork
Building in Kampala with a Marabou Stork on top. (732k)
Dirt Road Outskirts Kampala
Dirt road in the outskirts of Kampala. (647k)

Agriculture and livestock

Livestock was mostly goats and cattle, not many sheep.

The Ankole-Watusi, also known as Ankole Longhorn, is a landrace breed of cattle originally native to Africa. Its large distinctive horns that can reach up to 2.5 m (8.2 ft) from tip to tip are used for defense and cooling by honeycombs of blood vessels. Ankole-Watusis weigh 400-750 kg (880-1,650 lb).

Cassava (also called manioc) is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates. Though it is often called yuca in Spanish and in the United States, it differs from the yucca, an unrelated fruit-bearing shrub in the family Asparagaceae. Cassava, when dried to a powdery (or pearly) extract, is called tapioca; its fermented, flaky version is named garri.

Cassava is the third-largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics, after rice and maize. Cassava is a major staple food in the developing world, providing a basic diet for over half a billion people. It is one of the most drought-tolerant crops, capable of growing on marginal soils.

Bananas are grown in a lot of places. They are one of the important staples for the local people.

Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Cassava field (Manihot esculenta, german: Maniok, french: Manioc). (1397k)
Banana Plantation
Banana plantation. (959k)
Tea Plantation
Tea plantation. (733k)
Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus)
Papyrus field (Cyperus papyrus, german: Echter Papyrus, french: Papyrus). It is used for making mats. (1228k)
Burned Area Intentional Burns
Burned area. These were intentional burns. (912k)
Goat Herd Cattle Herd
Goat herd and cattle herd. (1202k)
Goat. (924k)
Watusi Cattle (Bos taurus africanus)
Herd of Ankole-Watusi Cattle (Bos taurus africanus, german: Hausrind, french: Vache). (1097k)
Watusi Cattle (Bos taurus africanus)
Ankole-Watusi Cattle (Bos taurus africanus, german: Hausrind, french: Vache). (1299k)
Ankole-watusi Cattle Road
Ankole-Watusi Cattle on the road. (976k)

This page contains 82 pictures with 4 species

Main page for Uganda

Page last updated on Tue Apr 21 15:18:08 2020 (Mountain Standard Time)

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